Audi 80/Avant (B4)

Audi 80/Avant
The description
System of release of the fulfilled gases
Cooling system
Fuel tank and the fuel pump
The air filter and intake channels
Injection system
Transmission and transmission
Suspension bracket and steering
Brake system
Antiblocking system of brakes
Wheels and tyres
body electrosystem
- Ignition system
   Various systems of ignition
   Principle of work of ignition
   Executive office
   System "brain"
   Impulses for the management block
   Regulation on a detonation
   Security measures at work with ignition system
   Repair of system of ignition
   Diagnostics of system of ignition
   The ignition distributor
   The gauge of detonation combustion
   High voltage elements
   Replacement of spark plugs
   Spark plugs
   Check of the moment of ignition
Signalling devices
Devices and auxiliary devices
Heating and ventilation
Body elements
Search of malfunctions

Ignition system

The ignition system provides correct passage of process of combustion to the engine thanks to purposefully "shot" igniting sparks. And all occurs precisely because at averages of the engine of 3000 rpm each cylinder needs 25 sparks in a second. So 100 sparks in a second, 6000 in a minute, 360 000 at an o'clock and so on is required to the 4-cylinder engine.

That ignition can

That in a spark plug in the combustion chamber the spark in general could slip, between spark plug electrodes there should be a pressure a minimum 30 000 V.Akkumuljatornaja the battery gives, however, only 12 In pressure. Thus, pressure of the accumulator needs to be raised repeatedly. Duration of flash not the tenth, and not the 100-th, but thousand fractions of a second. It is necessary to it to work a bit earlier or later, and efficiency of ignition, and thereby and capacity of the engine will be lowered.

When there is an ignition?

The spark should slip precisely in the fullness of time. However to establish, when there will be this most necessary moment, not so is simple.

The most useful combustion will be in the event that the mix from air and fuel flares up while it is as much as possible compressed. This highest compression in the four-cycle engine is reached during the moment when the piston at end of process of compression passes from movement upwards to movement downwards.

Before the direction of movement of the piston will exchange on the return, it on a small fraction of a second fades in the highest point of the trajectory. This point is called as the top dead point (ВМТ).

Coming back to definition of the moment for an igniting spark: the ideal moment of ignition, hence, is that moment in which the piston only begins the movement downwards. The mix is as much as possible compressed, and the piston can be directed with force downwards.

Despite it, nevertheless would be incorrect to establish the ignition moment precisely on the top dead point. After all the mix from fuel and air needs certain time (exactly 1/3000 of second) to ignite and develop a combustion total pressure. That is the ignition moment transfer for earlier time. And it is called as "an ignition advancing. The starting shot sparks occurs therefore even during piston movement upwards, pressure of combustion is reached only an instant after passage ВМТ.

ВМТ and an ignition advancing

The illustration explains concepts "top" and the bottom dead point. The distance between them is a course (lifting height) piston. The combustion chamber is between ВМТ (2) and a bottom edge of a head of the cylinder (1).

With increase of turns of the engine the igniting spark should jump over all earlier as – we already mentioned it in last section – the fuel and air mix needs constantly same time to ignite. Only thus combustion occurs in the fullness of time namely when the piston only begins movement downwards.

Combustion of a mix of fuel and air depends, however, and on its structure. If the accelerator pedal is squeezed out very little (partial loading), ability of a mix in combustion chambers to ignition decreases: therefore it burns down more slowly and for this reason should ignite earlier.

Later ignition

In other situations it is necessary, that the ignition moment moved towards late ignition. Ignition in that case occurs only when the piston passed for a long time already ВМТ. Thus, ignition occurs practically in a release step that improves structure of the fulfilled gases, but worsens capacity of the engine. According to the aforesaid, later ignition is is unique correct, for example, at engine work in a mode of compulsory idling (for example, at movement under a hill with the released pedal of an accelerator).